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We have created a steps and stages guide for 0-2 year olds. (Open steps and stages-0-2 years) Print and use it to inform parents of their child's progress.
Use the following questions to spark a conversation with your group:
- Have you ever visited a bakery?
- Which products are made at a bakery?
- What kind of bread to you prefer?
- Who works at a bakery?
- Which ingredients do bakers use?
- What is your favourite kind of cake?
Greet children with a container filled with items which represent the ingredients which can be found in a bakery: sugar, flour, salt, butter, yeast, chocolate chips, cake decorating items, etc. Other items you may want to add to your container are: dishes, plastic utensils, wooden spoons, cutting boards, funnels, sieves, plastic food items, a cash register, a kitchen scale, fruit or food stickers, magnets, felt fruits or vegetables, modeling dough, scented markers, a tablecloth, placemats, aprons, oven mitts, a baker's hat, and various types of pasta. Include egg cartons, yogurt and applesauce containers, and water bottles. Collect a variety of coloring pages related to the theme and laminate them. Use the illustrations for various sorting games (comparisons, color, size, etc.)
(Open thematic poster - The bakery) Print, laminate, and decorate the walls of your daycare with all kinds of posters.
(Open educa-decorate-The bakery) Print, cut out, and laminate. Decorate your walls to set the mood for the theme.
(Open educa-decorate-Chocolate) Print, cut out, and laminate. Decorate your walls and hang illustrations from the ceiling to set the mood for the theme.
(Open garland-The bakery) Print. Let children decorate the garland. Cut it out and hang it within the daycare or near your daycare entrance.
Role play area
Add items used in kitchens, grocery stores, and restaurants to your role play area. Children will enjoy pretending they are chefs, bakers, grocers, and waiters. Display posters of these professions. (Open poster-cook) (Open poster-baker) (Open poster-grocer) (Open poster-waitress) Display pictures of various types of bread, pies, and cakes throughout the daycare and in your kitchen area.
The pictures may be used as a memory game or to spark a conversation with your group. Use them to decorate your daycare or a specific thematic corner. (Open picture game-The bakery) Print, laminate, and store in a Ziploc bag or in your thematic bin. (Open picture game-Chocolate) Print, laminate, and store in a Ziploc bag or in your thematic bin.
Activity sheets are suggested for each theme. Print and follow instructions. (Open activity sheets-The bakery) (Open activity sheets-Chocolate)
(Open educ-poster-Letter B) Print and laminate. Display and use the poster to introduce children to the letter.
Writing activity-The bakery
(Open writing activities-B like bakery) Print for each child or laminate for use with a dry-erase marker. (Open writing activities-C like Chocolate)
The stationery may be used to communicate with parents, in your writing corner, or even to identify your thematic bins. (Open stationery-The bakery) Print.
(Open educa-nuudles-The bakery) Print for each child. Encourage children to color the page and use Magic Nuudles to give it a three dimensional look. Variation: You don't have Magic Nuudles? Have children fill the spaces designed for Magic Nuudles with bingo markers or stickers.
VARIOUS WORKSHOPS-The bakery
- Use disposable drinking glasses for structures of all kinds.
- Drinking straws may be used for fences, pillars, or simple decorations.
- Different sizes of aluminum pie plates can add a shiny touch to children's creations.
- Use individual yogurt or applesauce containers instead of blocks! Ask parents to collect them for you and you will have an impressive collection in no time!
Arts & crafts:
- Pasta, rice, or cereal for collages.
- Grocery store flyers which can be cut to create a delicious meal (collective or individual project).
- Pour poster paint into muffin tins and have children paint with pastry brushes.
- Make prints with cookie cutters.
- Use food items to make prints (cut peppers, apples, potatoes, carrots, etc.
- Make maracas using containers with lids. Simply fill them with seeds, pasta, or rice.
- Use a variety of containers to build a miniature model.
- • All crafts involving food items!
- Coloring pages related to the theme (food groups, utensils, people cooking, etc.)
- Print a creative coloring activity, for example, an empty plate on which children must draw the foods they like or dislike.
- Draw a recipe. Create your own. Combine any ingredients you want!
- Restaurant thematic bin: Plastic bowls, plates, glasses, cups, utensils, tablecloth, placemats, napkins, water pitcher, baskets, empty food containers (jar of jam, margarine container, etc.), plastic food items, recipe books, restaurant menus (take-out and delivery menus), cash register, notebook, crayons, pretend money, calculator, tray, fabric flowers, candles, etc. Set up one or two small tables with chairs. Hang a few children's paintings. Organize an area for food preparation. Take advantage of this area to show older children how to set the table. (Open place setting) You may draw an example on a paper placemat.
- Bakery thematic bin: Cash register, pretend money, invoice booklet, crayons, measuring cups, measuring spoons, rolling pins, baking sheets, muffin tins, paper muffin cups, aluminum pie plates, cookie cutters, donut cutters, pastry bags, large plastic bowls, wooden spoons, spatulas, egg beaters, plastic food items, transparent containers (sealed with hot glue) filled with flour, sugar, chocolate chips, sesame seeds, etc. Children can use them when they pretend to bake various treats. Pie plates, bread bags, homemade modeling dough (natural color to represent bread), an apron, a baker's hat, and oven mitts are great additions too. A box can act as a bread oven (simply place it on its side). Add a table which will provide a work surface... and remember to keep a spot for the cash register!
- Grocery store thematic bin: Cash register, pretend money, empty food containers (cans, pasta boxes, cereal boxes, milk cartons, yogurt containers, etc.), baskets, reusable bags, paper bags, plastic fruits and vegetables, signs to identify products on the shelves, flyers, uniform or large shirt, white smock, hairnet, utensils, plastic meat, fish, and bread items. Set the cash register in a corner and arrange a table next to it to represent the counter. In another part of the area, set up shelves and arrange the items. Children can take turns shopping and working in the grocery store.
- Memory game involving food with educatall.com pictures or a store-bought version.
- Puzzles related to the theme.
- Bright modeling dough with fruity scents.
- Lacing activities involving food items.
- Real pots and pans, kitchen utensils, and instruments.
- Colourful pasta pieces to create necklaces.
- Fruits and vegetables which can be sorted by size, color, etc.
- Small containers filled with different scents (fruit, spices, coffee, etc.)
- Books about food, professions related to food, and picture books.
- Recipe books.
- Recipe cards which can be laminated and manipulated by children.
- Sequential story (a recipe for example).
- Maze games.
- Hunt and seek activities.
- Various activity sheets related to the theme.
- Games involving educatall word flashcards.
- Words children can trace (apple, banana, bread, etc.)
- Obstacle course children complete carrying a carrot, a banana, or another food item.
- Relay race involving an egg in a spoon (real egg or plastic egg).
- Treasure hunt. Children must find the ingredients for a recipe. Once all the ingredients have been collected, prepare the recipe together.
- Container filled with cereal along with measuring cups, utensils, measuring spoons, etc.
- Container filled with colourful pasta or rice along with kitchen utensils.
- Container filled with water and dishwashing liquid. After baking, there are always dishes which need to be washed!
- Container filled with a variety of dried legumes... how colourful!
- There are endless possibilities for this theme! Use whatever you have on hand. Children love to explore new things!
- All kinds of fun recipes are welcome in this theme: a cake, cookies, a fruit salad, etc. Ideally, choose recipes which involve a long list of ingredients so that children all have a chance to participate.
- Taste test new and unknown food items (beware of allergies).
- Explore different tastes (salty, sweet, bitter, acidic, etc.)
- Magnifying glasses and transparent containers filled with a variety of seeds or condiments.
- A variety of vegetable seeds which can be observed, associated, and planted!
- A kitchen scale with a variety of real food items. Children can explore whether an apple is heavier than a banana or if flour is heavier than sugar, etc.
- Children can search for the star and the butterfly in an apple. Observe oxidization.
- Hot (oven) and cold (refrigerator/freezer).
- Drop a celery branch in a glass of water with food coloring. Impressive experiment!
- Present different types of fruit at snack time and let children explore!
- Explore natural dyes (blueberries, beets, mustard seeds, etc.) Simply use a scrap of white cotton and experiment!
Word flashcards-The bakery
The word flashcards may be used to spark a conversation with your group, in your reading and writing area, or to identify your thematic bins. (Open word flashcards-The bakery) (Open giant word flashcards-The bakery) flour, chocolate, sugar, cookie cutter, bread, bun, pie, cookie, cake, icing, croissant, muffin (Open word flashcards-Chocolate) mold, cocoa bean, cocoa, milk, dark chocolate, white chocolate, chocolate fountain, box, fondue, truffles, hot chocolate, chocolate bar
Print and laminate the theme's word flashcards. Have each child pick a word flashcard. Children then take turns presenting their word to the group (example: chocolate). Talk about each word. Ask questions to encourage children to speak.
Picture clue story-The bakery
(Open picture clue story-Food) Sit in a circle with your group. Begin reading the story. Whenever you reach a picture, point to it. Children must guess the missing word.
Story and memory game-The bakery
(Open story and memory game-Food) Print, cut out, and laminate the cards. Place them face down on a table. Children must pick three cards and invent a story in relation to the illustrations. Trick: To solidify the cards, glue each illustration onto the top of a frozen juice can.
Variation: Print two copies and use as a memory game.
(Open sequential story-Chocolate) Print and laminate. Children must place the illustrations in the correct order.
This is my spot
(Open game-This is my spot-The bakery) Print two copies of each illustration. Stick one copy of each illustration to the table using adhesive paper. Drop the other copy in a bag. Children take turns picking an illustration to determine their spot at the table for the day. The illustrations can also help you determine children's naptime spots or their spot in the task train.
(Open colourful cakes) Print, laminate, and deposit the cakes on the floor to create a cake walk. Paths may lead to various areas within the daycare.
ACTIVITIES FOR BABIES
Ask your grocer to provide cardboard boxes. Let children play with the boxes. They will spend hours building tunnels, houses, towers, and structures of all kinds.
(Open creative recipe-Pudding in a bag) Print.
- Instant pudding (any flavour)
- Ziploc bags
1. Pour 1/8 cup of instant chocolate pudding powder in a Ziploc bag.
2. Add ¼ cup of cold milk.
3. Remove as much air as possible and seal the bag.
4. Let babies manipulate the bag to stir the preparation.
5. Refrigerate for a few hours.
6. Cut one corner of the bag and ask children to press the bag (like a pastry bag) to empty it into their bowl.
7. Enjoy as a snack!
(Open educa-decorate-The bakery) Print several bread and pastry illustrations. Laminate them. Attach them to a clothing hanger using fishing wire. Hang your mobile over your changing table.
PHYSICAL ACTIVITY AND MOTOR SKILLS
(Open lacing-Bread) Print, laminate, and punch holes around the contour of each model. Children use string, shoelaces, or ribbon to lace.
Your modeling dough area becomes a bakery. Provide modeling dough children can use to make cakes and cookies. Add a container filled with flour. Provide kitchen utensils, small boxes for storing cookies, and ribbon. If you wish, you may add a cash register.
Deposit a few boxes of toothpicks in the centre of the table. Give each child a container. Encourage children to pick up one toothpick at a time using their thumb and index finger. Use a timer. After one minute, count how many toothpicks each child collected.
MUSIC AND RHYTHM
Gather pots and pans, plastic containers, and utensils. Children will love creating their own music. Why not take your band outside for a parade around the neighbourhood?
Encourage children to listen to the sounds their mouth makes when they eat different types of foods.
I am melting
Ask children to pretend they are melting chocolate to teach them how to relax their body. First, ask them to stand tall, like a hard chocolate bar. Then, tell them they are beginning to melt. Have them bend down until they are completely melted, lying on the floor.
(Open Sudoku-The bakery) Print the grid and the cards. Laminate and cut out the pieces for extra durability. Children must deposit the cards in the squares on the grid while respecting traditional Sudoku rules. There mustn't be two identical illustrations in the same row or column.
(Open educ-math-The bakery) Print and laminate for durable, eco-friendly use. Children must count the objects and circle the correct number.
(Open educ-shadows-The bakery) Print and laminate for durable, eco-friendly use. Children must find the shadow which corresponds to each illustration and draw a line between the two using a dry-erase marker.
Educ-same and different-The bakery
(Open educ-same and different-The bakery) Print and laminate for durable, eco-friendly use. Children must circle the illustration which is different in each row.
(Open educa-duo-The bakery) Print and laminate for durable, eco-friendly use. Children must draw a line between the objects which go together using a dry-erase marker.
(Open educ-differences-Chocolate) Print and laminate for durable, eco-friendly use. Children must find the number of differences indicated on the sheet and circle them with a dry-erase marker.
(Open educ-math-Chocolate) Print and laminate for durable, eco-friendly use. Children must count the objects and circle the correct number.
Educ-same and different-Chocolate
(Open educ-same and different-Chocolate) Print and laminate for durable, eco-friendly use. Children must circle the illustration which is different in each row.
(Open bingo-Chocolate) Play bingo with your group. Print, laminate, and store the game in a special box.
Hunt and seek-Kitchen
(Open hunt and seek-Kitchen) Print and laminate. Children pick a card and search for the item.
(Open game-meals) Print and laminate the game. Using Velcro, children must associate the cards to the correct meal.
MORAL AND SOCIAL ACTIVITIES
Paper dolls-The bakery
(Open paper dolls-The bakery) Print and laminate. Children will have fun dressing the doll many different ways.
Prepare chocolate modeling dough. (Open creative recipe-Chocolate modeling dough) Provide tiny chocolate molds children can use to make their own chocolates. They can deposit them in empty chocolate boxes or egg cartons when they are done.
Cook in training
Throughout the theme, have children take turns being your helper. Your cook in training can serve the other children at lunch time and snack time. At the end of the week, give each child a diploma for future chef (Open diploma-Future chef) Print for each child.
The grocery store
(Open price list) Print and laminate. Set up a cash register. Children take turns working as a cashier. Give the other children a plastic (or reusable) grocery bag and invite them to shop in the grocery store (daycare). When they are done, they must go to the cashier to pay for their items. Use this activity to clean the daycare. Explain how stores must be tidy. Show them how clerks straighten and dust items on shelves. Have them check the "store's" inventory. (Open pretend money) Print.
ACTIVITIES INVOLVING PARENTS
Grocery store visit
Ask parents to accompany you on a visit to your local grocery store. Visit the fruits and vegetables section, the meat section, the dairy products section, the cereal and grain section, and the junk food section. Help children realize how a grocery store is divided to represent the four major food groups. Identify foods from each of the food groups. If you wish, prepare a grocery list and have children search for the items (with help from parents).
If you are lucky enough to have a bakery nearby, organize a visit. Invite parents to join you. If they are unable to participate, invite parents (or grandparents) to come prepare a bread recipe with your group.
Pastry shop visit
If you are lucky enough to have a pastry shop nearby, organize a visit. Invite parents to join you. If they are unable to participate, invite parents (or grandparents) to come prepare a cake recipe with your group.
Chocolate factory visit
If you are lucky enough to have a chocolate factory nearby, organize a visit. Invite parents to join you. If they are unable to participate, invite parents (or grandparents) to come prepare a chocolaty recipe with your group.
EARLY SCIENCE/ MANIPULATION/ EXPLORATION
How does bread rise?
Show children how bread rises and gets bigger. Combine a tablespoon of sugar and a cup of LUKEWARM water. Add the contents of one envelope of yeast. Observe the changes with your group.
How do we measure?
Fill a large bin with rice. Add measuring cups, a variety of different containers, and utensils. Deposit a few empty containers on the table next to the bin. Slide a rubber band around each container to identify the desired level. Children add rice to the containers until they reach the rubber bands. Once the containers are full, children must place them in order, from the least full to the fullest.
Sweet and salty
Our tongue tastes different things. Discuss tastes with your group (salty, sweet, bitter, acidic). Provide examples. Let children taste sugar, salt, cocoa, and vinegar. Have children verbalize their experience. Variation: Blindfold children and have them taste different food items.
Purchase different types of bread (pumpernickel, rye, raisin, etc.) Let children taste them all at once or introduce a new type of bread every morning, during snack time.
Add 3-4 tablespoons of butter to 3-4 different bowls and add a few drops of food coloring to each. Stir until homogeneous. Give each child a slice of bread. Children butter their bread with the coloured butter of their choice. Sprinkle with a small amount of sugar and toast. Enjoy!
Creative recipe-Sticky bread dough
(Open creative recipe-Sticky bread dough)
Sticky Bread Dough
- 4 slices of bread with crusts removed
- 4 tablespoons white glue
- 4 to 6 drops food colouring
1. Break the bread into tiny pieces in a bowl.
2. Add glue and food coloring.
3. Mix well.
4. Knead for 3 or 4 minutes or until a loose dough forms.
5. Sculpt the dough and let your creations dry overnight.
**You can roll the dough onto waxed paper and use cookie cutters to make fun shapes.
**Replace the food colouring with 1 tablespoon of strong coffee (prepared) to give your creations an antique look.
Creative recipe-Sweet-smelling modeling dough
(Open creative recipe-sweet-smelling modeling dough)
Basic modeling dough recipe
- 2 ½ cups flour
- 1 cup salt
- 4 tablespoons (60 mL) vegetable oil
- 1 cup hot water
- A few drops of food coloring (optional)
1. Knead ingredients together and you are done!
2. Store in a plastic bag or airtight container in the refrigerator.
3. Bake creations in the oven at 350⁰F.
1. Use natural dough, without food coloring, to represent bread dough.
2. Add cinnamon for cinnamon bun dough.
3. Add ginger if you wish to make gingerbread men.
4. Add lemon essence and yellow food coloring if you want to make lemon pies.
5. Add maple essence if you want to make maple syrup donuts.
6. Add cocoa powder if you want to make chocolate cookies.
7. Add vanilla extract if you want to make vanilla wafers.
8. Add strawberry essence if you want to make strawberry pies.
Creative recipe-Chocolate modeling dough
(Open creative recipe-Chocolate modeling dough) Prepare dough and use it to make pretend chocolates.
We have created a reusable tool you can use to illustrate the recipes you prepare with your group. (Open illustrated recipes) Print and laminate. When you prepare a recipe, display the illustrations on the wall to help children understand which tools they need for the recipe. Display the ingredients and add the quantity next to each one (example: 2 cups flour = two illustrations of a cup and a flour illustration).
Invite children to pretend to make tiny chocolate cookies. Provide cookie dough, cookie cutters, utensils, and small containers.
Provide a variety of ingredients and let children explore different combinations (flour, water, spices, sugar, salt, etc.)
Use a store-bought cake mix or your own recipe. Prepare the cake mix according to the instructions on the box. Fill flat-bottom ice cream cones with the cake mix until they are ¾ full. Bake according to the instructions on the package, but keep a close eye on them since they may be ready faster. The cone cakes are ready when a knife planted in the centre comes out clean. Provide icing and a variety of candy pieces. Let children decorate their cone cakes.
Purchase chocolate molds and make chocolates with your group. Melt chocolate in a bain-marie (or in a microwave oven). Pour the melted chocolate into glasses and give one to each child. Let children pour the chocolate into the molds. Wait until the chocolates are completely set and enjoy! Introduce children to different types of chocolate: white, milk chocolate, dark chocolate, etc. Note: If you prefer, you may use chocolate chips. They melt much faster.
ARTS & CRAFTS
(Open puppets - The bakery) Print the models on cardboard. Ask children to cut them out and decorate them with a variety of arts & crafts materials. Glue Popsicle sticks behind each to create puppets.
Using stencils, ask children to trace cookie shapes and decorate them with the ingredients they like. Display on the wall for a delicious decor.
Collect several bread bags. Have children fill them with newspaper or scrap paper. Prepare a papier-mâché recipe (flour and water) and cut strips of newspaper. Children must dip the strips of newspaper in the glue mixture and use them to cover their bread. Let dry and paint.
(Open models-Chocolate) Print the models. With your group, combine different colors of poster paint until you obtain a light brown color for milk chocolate or very dark brown for dark chocolate. Use the paint on the models.
My chocolate chip cookie
Cut a cookie shape out of a brown paper bag or heavy cardboard. Using white glue, add chocolate chips to create an original cookie craft. You may also use glue sticks if children are very young.
My box of chocolates
Transform an egg carton to make it look like a box of chocolates. Ask children to cut various chocolate shapes out of cardboard. If you prefer, use modeling dough or any other material. Children can deposit their "chocolates" in the egg carton sections.
(Open craft-Mr. Sandwich) Print, cut out, and glue the pieces together to assemble Mr. Sandwich. Attach a Popsicle stick to the back to make a puppet. Children will love to invent stories with their puppet.
(Open poster-Food groups) Introduce your group to the four food groups. Display the posters on the wall throughout the theme. Provide grocery store flyers and various food packages. Invite children to associate the items to the correct food group. They can glue them around the corresponding poster.
(Open creative coloring-The bakery) Print for each child. Encourage children to complete the picture.
(Open coloring pages theme-The bakery) Print for each child.
SONGS & RHYMES
At the bakery
by: Patricia Morrison sung
to: All around the mulberry bush
All around the bakery
The shelves are filled with treats
Everything looks and smells so good
At the bakery
Donuts, cupcakes, pies, and bread
Muffins and birthday cakes too
That's a list of the things you'll find
At the bakery
The Educatall team
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